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Soni Medical

Pulmonary Medicine, Regenerative Medicine, and Sleep Specialists located in Mid Wood, Brooklyn, NY & Queens, Jamaica, NY

Sleep problems like insomnia and sleep apnea can cause serious health problems, including not only dangerous daytime drowsiness but heart problems and stroke. At Soni Medical, Prabhat Soni, MD, and the team offer full-scale testing and treatment for sleep problems. Learn how you can rest easy again by visiting the office in the Midwood neighborhood of Brooklyn or the Jamaica area in Queens. Use the online booking tool or call either New York City office for an appointment now.

Insomnia Q & A

What is insomnia?

Insomnia means you have trouble going to sleep and/or staying asleep. Around 30-35% of Americans struggle with insomnia. 

Insomnia symptoms can go beyond tossing and turning. You can also have:

  • Chronic headaches
  • Daytime drowsiness
  • Concentration problems
  • Persistent anxiety

Other serious problems can also develop if you suffer from insomnia.

What is sleep apnea?

Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder in which you have many breathing interruptions during the night. You can stop breathing as many as 30 times every hour, with each episode lasting anywhere from a couple of seconds to a few minutes. 

Most sleep apnea sufferers snore loudly and/or make choking noises while they sleep. Insomnia and overall poor sleep quality are common issues for sleep apnea sufferers. 

The main types of sleep apnea are:

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)

Airway obstruction causes OSA. Usually, this means that your throat muscles and tongue collapse over your airway to prevent adequate airflow. 

Central sleep apnea (CSA)

CSA starts in the brain. This condition has similar symptoms to OSA, but the reason you stop breathing is because your brain signals to your throat muscles aren’t working properly. 

Some patients also have mixed sleep apnea, in which both OSA and CSA occur.

How do you diagnose insomnia and other sleep disorders?

The Soni Medical team uses a variety of diagnostic tests to identify sleep disorders and their underlying causes. You may have:

  • In-office sleep studies
  • Home sleep studies
  • Pulmonary function test
  • Pulmonary exercise test

Soni Medical tailors your testing and treatment to your particular sleep disorder. 

How is insomnia treated?

Insomnia treatments can include nonmedical solutions like:

  • Behavioral changes
  • Relaxation exercises
  • Sleep restriction
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy

In some cases, patients may need prescription medication like melatonin receptor agonists, benzodiazepines, non-benzodiazepine hypnotics, or antidepressants for insomnia.

How is sleep apnea treated?

For sleep apnea, there are multiple options, but addressing underlying issues is important. Many sleep apnea sufferers are overweight or obese, so the medical weight loss program at Soni Medical helps them get healthy while reducing or eliminating sleep apnea symptoms. 

A continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine is an option if you have moderate-to-severe sleep apnea. The machine keeps your airway open to prevent episodes while you sleep. 

Another option is an oral appliance that you wear in your mouth to bring your jaw forward slightly and prevent your tongue and throat muscles from collapsing while you sleep. 

It’s rare to need surgery for sleep apnea, but if you don’t respond to conservative care, Dr. Soni may recommend surgical solutions like uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, radiofrequency ablation, or nasal surgery.

The Soni Medical team also treats snoring that’s unrelated to insomnia or sleep apnea. 

Click online booking or call Soni Medical for sleep solutions now.